Grumman F-14 Tomcat


F-14A aircraft was a large double-cab system equipped with tandem seats thrown Martin-Baker GRU-7A. Pilot cabin occupied the first and the second was a radar operator interceptor called RIO (Radar Intercept Officer called). Both cockpits were different and had very few duplicate items.Variable-geometry wings had a lot of improvements. Wing slant was regulated automatically within 20 to 68 ° depending on the speed (Mach sweep programmer). It was also possible to hand bevel orientation in the selection of specific mode of 55 ° to attack ground targets. In order to reduce the space occupied by the aircraft carrier, the aircraft was possible to make the wings for 75 ° in such a way that they occurred on the horizontal ballasts.


To improve maneuverability property used spoilers, and for improving the properties of volatile at low speeds, flaps and slots. At high speeds and flaps set at a maximum angle of the epiphysis wing claimed an additional small stabilizing wings. Panel horizontal tail tail could act in two ways: as a rudder or ailerons up especially when flying with folded wings. Hull mounted on the back of two ballasts, vertical, and an aerodynamic brake.


The fuselage was built from aluminum and titanium, with a large share of composite materials. Machine drive by two turbofan engines, Pratt & Whitney TF30-P-412 on the 54.9 and 93 kN with afterburner, placed in separate gondolas under the hull in order to ensure an adequate flow of air (which was the biggest problem in the previous aircraft Grumman F-111 ). An additional advantage of such a position was easier engine access and their possible replacement by the ground. Shaped air intakes for a flow regulator installed inside in the form of plates. Gondola under each engine could suspend an additional fuel tank with a capacity of 1011 liters. On the right side of the bow machine installed in a folded probe refueling. Given the need to take off and landing of aircraft engines installed between the gondolas inhibitory hook, and the legs of the front wheel to handle catapults.